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  Patta

      Agricultural land at the disposal of the Government are settled under the provisions of sub-sections (1), (5) and (6A) of section 49 of the West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955 read with sub-rules (1) to (4) of Rule 20A of the West Bengal Land Reforms Rules, 1965. Lands at the disposal of the Government include the following:

  1. Agricultural khas mahal lands
  2. Agricultural lands vested under the provisions of the West Bengal Estate Acquisition Act, 1953
  3. Agricultural lands vested under the provisions of the West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955
  4. Agricultural land owned by the Government by other means, e.g., acquired and relinquished land not taken over by ex-owner

     Agricultural lands are distributed to persons who want to cultivate such lands personally or who want to construct dwelling house thereon. Such persons should live within the vicinity of such lands.
     Such lands can also be settled with a local body or an authority constituted or established by or under any law. Such lands can also be settled for a public purpose or for establishment, maintenance or preservation of any educational or research institution or industry or with any person or institution. In such cases, the terms and conditions including payment of premium and rent shall be as that the Government may decide.
     For the purpose of agriculture, distribution may be made to a person together with the members of his/her family who owns no land or owns land less than one acre or 0.4048 hectare. The maximum area of land that may be distributed to a landless person is one acre. In case of a bargadar, half of the land cultivated by him as a bargadar is taken into account in computing the area that may be distributed to him. The area of land that may be settled with a person for the purpose of homestead having no homestead land of his own shall not exceed five cottahs or 0.0335 hectare. No premium is payable by a person with whom land is so settled. He/She is also not required to pay any revenue for the land, but is liable to pay the cesses assessed on the notional revenue of the land. No land can be settled under section 49(1) of the WBLR Act to any person or with a member of the family of such person who is engaged or employed in any business, trade, undertaking manufacture, calling, service or industrial occupation. This does not, however, apply to agricultural labourer, artisan or fisherman.
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