Your browser does not support JavaScript!


Tea Garden


Tea Gardens started coming up in the district of Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling long before the day of independence. At that time grants of land for tea cultivation popularly known as Tea Grants were created under ordinary cultivation leases with consequential modifications and then under Tea Lease rules of 1875 which were extended to Darjeeling in 1878. The matter pertaining to formation of a tea grant under issue of a tea lease was made systematic when the Bengal Waste Land Manual, 1919 was framed which was subsequently substituted by the Bengal Waste Land Manual, 1936. There are 183 nos. of tea gardens in the district of Jalpaiguri, 144 nos. in the district of Darjeeling and one each in the district of Uttar Dinajpur and Coochbehar i.e. 329 nos. of tea gardens covering an area of about 168478.00 hectares of land existed prior to coming into force of the West Bengal Estates Acquisition Act, 1953. In respect of all such tea gardens sub-section (3) of section 6 of the West Bengal Estates Acquisition Act, 1953 is applicable. The lands comprised in all such tea gardens is leasehold land and such lease was granted either from the date of order under section 6(3) of the West Bengal Estates Acquisition Act, 1953 or from the date of determination of rent under section 42 of the said Act, whichever was later. Touzi section of the Collectorate deals with the matters relating to tea gardens. The principle and procedure laid down in schedule F to the West Bengal Estates Acquisition Rules, 1954 framed under the provisions of the West Bengal Estates Acquisition Act, 1953 for carrying out purposes of the said Act is followed in dealing with the matters relating to the gardens. The terms and conditions of the leases are provided in Form I of Schedule F to the aforesaid Rules, as amended from time to time. After the expiry of the first lease, the cases for renewal of leases are processed in the Touzi Section of the Collectorate and proposals for renewal of leases are sent to the Government in the Land & Land Reforms Department for according sanction to such proposal.

2. There are different Acts applicable for different purposes in respect of the tea gardens as follows:
  • The West Bengal Estates Acquisition Act, 1953 particularly section 6(1)(f) and section 6(3) of the Act so far as retention and resumption of land comprised in the tea garden is concerned;
  • The West Bengal Alienation of Land (Regulation) Act, 1960;
  • The West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955 particularly section 23 of the Act so far as assessment and collection of rent/revenue is concerned;
  • The Cess Act, 1880 so far as assessment and collection of P.W.Cess & Road Cess are concerned;
  • The W.B. Rural Employment & Production Act, 1976 so far as assessment and collection of R. E. Cess & R.E. Surcharge are concerned;
  • The W.B. Primary Education Act, 1973 so far as assessment and collection of Education Cess is concerned;
  • The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is applicable in respect of the land comprised in the 'forest' within the tea garden allowed to be retained under section 6(3) of the West Bengal Estate Acquisition Act, 1953;
  • The Plantation Labour Act, 1951 is applicable so far as the welfare of labour and regulation of conditions of their work in the tea garden is concerned;
© 2010-2011. Contents provided by the Land & Land Reforms Department, Government of West Bengal. Site Designed & Hosted by NIC.
  Terms Of Use Disclaimer Privacy Policy Linking Policy SiteMap